Safeguarding Adult Reviews – resources for practitioners
The aim of a Safeguarding Adults Review (SAR) is to carry out a multi-agency review which seeks to determine what relevant agencies and individuals involved could have done differently that could have prevented harm or a death from taking place.
A SAR is held when an adult at risk dies, or experiences serious neglect or abuse, and there is concern that partner agencies could have worked more effectively to protect them.
Until April 2014 the MSAB carried out serious case reviews – with the implementation of the Care Act 2014 these became known as Safeguarding Adults Reviews (SAR) and worked slightly differently.
When and why do Safeguarding Adult Reviews take place?
- there is reasonable cause for concern about how MSP members or other agencies providing services, worked together to safeguard an adult; and
- the adult has died, and the MSP knows or suspects that the death resulted from abuse or neglect (whether or not it knew about or suspected the abuse or neglect before the adult died); or
- the adult is still alive, and the MSP knows or suspects that the adult has experienced serious abuse or neglect.
The purpose of a SAR is not to apportion blame. It is to promote effective learning and improvement to prevent future deaths or serious harm occurring again, and for agencies to work together towards positive outcomes for the adult and/or family involved.
Further information can be found in the Care and Support Statutory Guidance
SAR Referral Process
We have published a 7 minute briefing to explain the SAR referral process.
If you become aware of an incident or case:
- discuss it with a senior manager and/or your agency SAR Panel member;
- if required, your agency SAR Panel member or a senior manager should hold an initial discussion with the MSP Coordinator;
- the SAR Panel member or senior manager should complete the MSAB SAR Referral Form (March 2018 onwards) and submit it to the MSP Coordinator by email to firstname.lastname@example.org
If you have any queries please contact the MSP Business Unit.
COMPLETED FORMS SHOULD BE SENT TO THE MSP INBOX: email@example.com
Carrying out Safeguarding Adult Reviews
The SAR Panel drafts a terms of reference for each SAR; and a Case Panel is formed, led by an independent author.
Each agency involved in the case, including any independent providers, arranges for an Individual Management Review (IMR) to be carried out by a manager independent of the case.
The IMR looks at the involvement and actions of the agency in the case. It has to cover the requirements of the terms of reference and be based on a set format which includes: a chronology, a review of recorded information and interviews with the key people involved. An IMR writer can be a suitably skilled and experienced manager from the agency, or an independent person commissioned by the individual agency.
The completed IMRs are given to the SAR Panel and the independent author, who uses them and any further inquiries they decide to make, to produce a draft report, including recommendations on actions or changes needed.
The draft report is presented to the SAR Panel, who reviews the report and recommended actions. These are then presented to the full Board for members to consider and agree the proposed actions needed.
The MSP then monitors the implementation of these actions with the help of the SAR Panel. The report is published and made available to the public via this website.
We have published a 7 minute briefing to explain the SAR process.
Published Safeguarding Adult Reviews
Reviews are published on this website as they are completed. Each SAR published is about a real person and our thanks go to the families who contribute to the reviews, as do our sincere condolences.
The MSP will publish all Safeguarding Adult Reviews (SAR) online for at least twelve months.
Current SAR publications:
- MSP SAR Johnny (Published February 2021)
- MSP SAR Olia and Baby W (Published January 2021)
- MSP Homeless Thematic Review (Published August 2020)
- MSP Adult AD 7 minute briefing (Published June 2020)
All media enquiries relating to the publication of SARs should go to the MSP Business Unit in the first instance on tele: o161 234 3330 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
SAR Learning Packs – resources for practitioners
Supporting learning events will be advertised on the MSP Training website.
Adult AA SAR: Learning event held 8th November 2017; full report published on 14.12.2017
- MSAB Adult AA SAR Learning Report (published Nov 2017)
- MSAB Adult AA SAR Learning Presentation (published Nov 2017)
- MSB Adult AA SAR 7MB (published Nov 2017)
Adult CA SAR: Learning event held 8th November 2017; full report published on 2.3.2018
- MSAB Adult CA SAR Learning Report (published Nov 2017)
- MSAB Adult CA SAR Learning Presentation (published Nov 2017)
- MSB Adult CA SAR 7MB (published Nov 2017)
Adult AB SAR: Learning event held 18th May 2018; full report published on 15.5.2018
Published Safeguarding Adult Reviews from other LSABs
South Gloucestershire’s Safeguarding Adults Board (SAB) commissioned a Serious Case Review following reports of patient abuse at Winterbourne Private Hospital in September 2012.
The review was commissioned by the SAB following the disclosure last year of the abuse of adults with learning disabilities and autism at the 24-bed private hospital owned and operated by Castlebeck Ltd.
Prepared by independent adult safeguarding expert Margaret Flynn, the review shows that the abuse at Winterbourne View Hospital resulted from serious and sustained failings in the management procedures of Castlebeck Limited.
It also identifies where other organisations’ systems and procedures fell short in commissioning patient care, and in reviewing and safeguarding the wellbeing of patients before and during their stay at Winterbourne View hospital.
Recommendations include a call for greater investment in community-based care in order to reduce the need for in-patient admissions at assessment, treatment and rehabilitation units such as Winterbourne View Hospital.
The report highlights the need for outcome-based commissioning for hospitals detaining people with learning disabilities and autism and says that the use of ‘t-supine restraint’ — in which patients are laid on the ground with staff using their body weight to restrain them – should be discontinued at such units.
The report also calls for notifications of concern, including safeguarding alerts, hospital admissions and police attendances, to be better co-ordinated and shared amongst safeguarding organisations to allow earlier identification of potential problems and earlier action to be taken.
Copies of the report can be found at southglos.gov.uk/safeguarding/adults
SAR resources for reviewers and practitioners involved in the SAR process
The Information sheet on Practitioner Learning Events (June 2017) can be given to practitioners asked to attend a learning event.
We have published a 7 minute briefing to explain the SAR process.
SAR resources for families
Information for families about the SAR process can be found on the MSAB SAR information for families (Dec 2017)
Key downloads on this page: